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We are always looking for histories of our overseas Lodges.
Please submit your articles and photos to Tom Slavicek...thanks!

Black Eagle Lodge History - from the pages of the Deep Water Traveler Newsletter
by Ken Kittelberger 

Part 1  Part 2  Part 3  Part 4  Part 5  Part 6  Part 7  Part 8  Part 9  Part 10


    Yokahu Lodge History


Origin of the Black Eagle Lodge, by Hudson "Bill" Phillips
     My father, Chaplain Hudson Phillips, was a life-long Scouter and he regarded the Scout program as central to his work with military dependants at every duty station to which he was assigned. Prior to WWII he organized a mounted scout troop at Governor’s Island, using government horses and equipment. He continued his Scouting work at Selfridge Field, Michigan. The war years involved him with the 11th Airborne in the Pacific, but when he returned to the States he immediately set up a Scouting program at Randolph Field in 1946. Upon his arrival in Stuttgart, Germany, in 1950, he found that Scout programs had begun almost immediately after the war, wherever there were military dependents. These were largely decentralized, with each troop working unilaterally with the Boy Scout program in the United States. Quite often, our Scout uniforms were created out of military uniforms that were dyed green or were ordered directly from the States. The Scouts in the Seventh Corps area of Stuttgart Area formed their own Council and began having campouts in the Black Forest. It was not long before Stuttgart was the dominant program in all of Eucom. At this same time, Scouting was returning to German children. During the pre war and war period, German boys were organized as Hitler Jungend (Hitler Youth). Quite often their new Scout uniforms were the old Hitler Jungend uniforms with the insignia torn off. Early campouts with the Germans were often very tense affairs, but several experimental overnights took place prior to the international World Jamboree at Bad Ischel, Austria—Scouts from all over the world attended this one in 1951.

     My brother, Tony, and I left with my mother and sister to join my dad in August of l951. The Stuttgart Council sent money to us to buy supplies from the Grey Owl Trading Post in Brooklyn, New York. We were to begin making costumes for the campfire ceremonies. (We, actually completed a double tailed, simulated eagle feather, bonnet, a, simulated Buffalo horn, bonnet, a Chippewa roach headpiece, a, simulated bone, breastplate, leggings made from discarded pool table cloth from the Fort Sam Houston Officer’s club, and breech clouts, made from discarded maroon material from the Post Chapel.) Through the fall months, Scouting in Eucom experienced major changes. William E. Hoffman, the first professional Scouter, was brought in from the United States to organize the Scouting program. His office would be in Heidelberg and he would soon systematize the program throughout our military bases in Europe. In order to work within the rank-conscious milieu, Hoffman obtained the civil service rank equivalent of a general in the military and designed a snappy looking uniform for himself. He was a dark, handsome man who resembled the television actor, Victory Jory. I first met him while completing my senior year of high school at the American dependant’s school at Heidelberg, where he was recruiting his staff for the coming summer camp at Fussen, German.

     The Eucom BSA camp was one mountain ridge away from the famous Neueschwanstein castle built by King Ludwig. To get to the camp one had to drive through a narrow opening between two sides of a mountain. Tucked away amidst the forest, the lake, and the surrounding mountains, the camp afforded a spectacular and very private experience of nature. It was a boy’s dream come true. Year’s later, I was to learn that the previous group of tenants at this location had been a top secret Nazi V-2 rocket program. During the final days of WWII, Nazi weapons and equipment had been sunk in the lake. One could say that the Boy Scouts redeemed the location with their daily flag raisings and lowerings and their bugle calls. The Voice of America radio network made a tape of our ceremonies to broadcast throughout the "Iron Curtain" countries. During the winter, the Scouts held ski camps here, so Scout presence became almost continuous.

     The first Order of the Arrow calling out ceremonies began in 1952. The ritual team was composed of myself (Alowatsakima) my brother, Tony (Meteu), Larry Pautsch (Kitchkinet) and Miles Henderson. David Parsons was on the team in 1953. The ring for the ritual ceremonies was on the back side of the circle of hills and ridges behind the main lodge. It afforded a view of Austria and of ruins of an old castle. The calling out ceremonies were of great interest to the German locals, who referred to the appearance of the costumed Scouts as "Indian Night." Included in this entourage of feathered white people was the 60-year old figure of William Hoffman—known as "Chief"—in breech clout, leggings and full headdress!

     The Black Eagle Lodge was formed sometime during this time. I have seen names listed of people who are credited with founding the Lodge but I never met or was aware of any of them. As Lodge Chief, I think that is rather strange, but many people were doing things at this time, unaware of each other. Bill Hoffman did little to discourage this, and this becomes a problem in writing the history of the Lodge at this time. Brother Tony and I were called out to be Vigil Honor members of the Order of the Arrow. We each were led to points overlooking the camp to spend the night in meditation. It was a wet and very cold experience. Each of us had been given a few matches to light a "Vigil Fire," but it was impossible to find anything that would burn under those conditions. So we sat in the darkness—very miserable and somewhat humiliated. Our advice to others who find themselves in this situation would be, "burn your underwear," no one would ever know.

     There were many military people that worked with us as staff members and leaders—some names come to mind: Al Mink, Bob Kyle, Parks Olman, George Madrey (American Red Cross), Sgt. Granger, Cpl. Sprague, and Bob Spratt. Other staff members include—David Parsons, Bob Hoaglund, John Plant (Canadian), Horton Chandler and Dave Murphy. Many of us formed the contingent of American scouts that attended the Scottish Jamboree at Blair Atholl in 1953.
A very moving moment for us on that trip was during our visit to Westminster Abby. We circled the monument of Lord Baden Powell and repeated together the Scout Oath. During the 1st Gulf War, I listened to a "call-in show" that involved a General being interviewed. Another General officer called in. The first thing he said to the other—"Black Eagle Lodge." I smiled.


BEL History through its patches - Ken Kittelberger

When I first joined the Lodge in 1973 after my son graduated from Webelos into Scouts, we had ONE Lodge flap (S2a, and later the S3, the 25th Anniversary flap), ONE Lodge neckerchief (blue with gold patch). an annual Lodge Fellowship & Training Conference (LF&TC) patch, and no Chapter patches that I knew of.

I was in Heidelberg, and my mentor in Scouting, Woodbadge, and the OA, was council old-timer Wally Buote. We became best friends and remained so until I left Germany in June 1978 (he died a couple of months later). Wally wore a different Black Eagle Lodge flap on each of his several Scout shirts. They were the only other Lodge patches I saw except for a W1 on Ed Bishop’s vest. Nobody else knew much about other patches, etc., and there was no real interest, I guess because we only had the one patch and the N/C, and that’s all we knew since most of us only stayed for 2 or 3 years.

I was always curious, but, except for Wally’s patches, and he never mentioned much about early issues, there just wasn’t anywhere to turn.

In May 1975 the Three Rivers District Chapter Adviser (we didn’t have a seperate Chapter name in those days) Cpt. Dr. Rex Legler (I think that was his name - we always called him Doc, not Rex) was getting ready to rotate back to the US, and subsequently the Lodge Advisor asked me to replace Doc and become the new Chapter Advisor (the Lodge Advisor was Maj. Jim Davis). I accepted.

In May 1976 Jim Davis and Wally Buote asked me to become the Lodge Advisor, since Jim was going back to the States. I accepted again. In June 1977, I was named to be the one of the two Woodbadge Course Directors for 1978, so I reluctantly gave up my Lodge Advisor role. During these years I was preoccupied with my various Scouting jobs, so, thoughts os early Lodge issues sat on a back burner. In June 1978 it was my turn to return to the States, and Black Eagle Lodge and TAC was now behind me. Or, so I thought.

Not long after I got back to Columbia, MD, I went to a Traderee and was able to buy a couple of Black Eagle Lodge patches that I hadn’t seen before. I added them to my small collection of items issued during my six years in Heidelberg. WOW ! I had assembled more Black Eagle patches than anybody I knew (at the time), and now I wondered what other ones had been produced. A couple more Traderees, a few more old Lodge alumni located, and soon I had a real collection of Black Eagle stuff.

Now it was time to document it, in order to fill in the blanks. I became re-aquainted with Dr. Hal Yocum who also had a sizable collection, and also met Bob Cylkowski, who specialized in Far East and Transatlantic Councils. Trades and purchases from them and other dealers built my collection up even more. I started Xeroxing what I had, and asked others to send a copy of what they had which wasn’t depicted in my growing monograph. The PROJECT was now getting somewhere.

By now, Walt Steffen was in the TAC office, having been promoted from District Executive (North Star District, I think). Each year I’d send a few bucks to him and he’d send me the latest patches, and usually answered my queries as to how many were produced. As far as getting information about earlier issues, there was no help from the TAC office since a file-clearing operation had destroyed nearly all historical records. I was now about the only record that remained. As I discovered TAC alumni over the years, an occasional patch that I had not seen before came to light, and I slowly built a fairly good record of all Lodge and Chapter issues.

Over the years, I have, and still do, rely upon a lot of helpful Scouts and Scouters, some still in Europe, and others scattered around the country.

I started to assign arbitrary numbers to patches as I discovered them. They were then added to the monograph as discovered, and usually wherever they fit on a page. This now served as a pretty good reference to those serious collectors (and I provided a copy to the TAC office, although I don’t know if it was ever available to anyone).

Arapaho I had been published several years earlier, so I assigned numbers to new flaps as best I could, to continue the sequence of the earlier numbers. Then Arapaho II came out a couple of years ago, with a 1996 supplement, and my flap numbers now were not those used by the rest of the collecting community.

So early in 1997 I redesignated my flap numbers to coincide with Arapaho II. Since then as new flaps are issued I again try to continue the Arapaho sequence. The numbering system on the Chapter issues, as well as the miscellaneous Lodge and Chapter activity issues has not been changed, and may never be, in order not to confuse collectors. As new (or old) issues are reported, they will be assigned the next sequential number.

Also in 1997 I reorganized the monograph itself in order to picture the issues from one Chapter all together. The monograph is now a good representation of the total Black Eagle issues, unless, of course, a new old patch is discovered that I never knew about. And, I really do expect that to happen about once or twice a year for the next few years.

And, YOU can help. If you know of an issue that is not depicted in my monograph, let me know, with a good clean copy of it, with colors, size, and date and quantity issued (if known). And I’d like to add it to my collection via trade or purchase.

The monograph itself currently consists of 44 pages. Now, you ask, how many patches, neckerchiefs, pins, etc., were issued ? That’s Part 2 of the history, and will begin in the next issue of the DWT.

Part 2

In the last issue of the DWT, I related the story of how I assembled my Black Eagle collection and came to document it in a 44-page monograph. Here I’m attempting to tell what is known about the early Lodge patches, R1, R2, F1 and F2. Unfortunately, this early history is difficult to unravel since the early participants have either "gone home" or are scattered and no one knows who or where they are today.

To set the scene, I wish to especially acknowledge and thank Dave Hulteen, present Lodge Advisor, and Dan Coberly, a long-time and frequent member of the Lodge, for their research into the history of the Lodge gleaned from National’s records, "Scout Executive" Magazines, personal recollections and other sources. I was a relative late-comer in the Lodge, but, over the years, I have accumulated a few notes from a variety of folks who have shared their knowledge with me.

From Dan’s notes: Evidently there was an un-official Direct Service Lodge formed in the 1940s, under BSA Wartime Criteria. The official BSA term for such a council and lodge was "Extra Regional". In 1948 Military High Commissioners invited Scouting to set up a program in Europe (and Asia) under the Displaced Persons Program of the BSA. In 1951, when that program was expanded to include US military and civilian personnel and their dependents in the area, it became known as the EUCOM (the US Army’s European Command) BSA (or Scouting) Advisory Council. It was assigned Council # 802, a number which had been previously held by the Peking, China Council, and later the Co-Ordinating Committee of the BSA, Philippines.

Walt Queen (a dealer and collector in Texas) reports that the early professional Scouters assigned to the Council wore a Direct Service flap: White twill background, Red number 555, WWW, and arrow. I personally have never seen one of these, but, I’m sure some of the readers have. If anyone has one of these, I’d sure like to add it to my collection.

The Lodge was Chartered on September 25th, 1952 as the Bald Eagle Lodge #482, evidently in deference to the American Bald Eagle. Lodge flaps were only beginning to come into being , so, as was common in those days, a round patch was selected for issue in 1952 (R1), and again in 1953 (R2). The council issued nearly identical patches as dated Scout Camp patches on 1952 (like the R1), and in 1953 and 1954 (like the R2). All five patches were fully embroidered with a likeness of a bald eagle in its center, even though the two Lodge flaps stated "Black Eagle" around the top half. The R1 patch is a "silvery blue", while the R2 patch is pale blue. The quantities of any of the 5 patches produced are unknown.

Sometime in 1954, The EUCOM Scouting Advisory Council became the Transatlantic Council. Also by now, flap patches were fast becoming the norm for OA Lodge identification, replacing the rounds and other shapes that had been used for decades, but, I suppose the supply of R2 patches were sufficient to carry the Lodge along until sometime prior to July 1956, when F1 (flap #1) made its first appearance. There are various dates mentioned by folks for the period of use for this first flap, usually 1957-58. Even though the common name of Black Eagle was being used, the Lodge again chose a representation of the bald eagle (although scrawny and with a rather unusual mixture of white and black coloration). The patch is an orange twill background, and again contains the words "Black Eagle".

After the F1 patches were received Lodge personnel recognized that they had erred and had omitted "WWW" from the design. Hal Yokum reports that they immediately reordered to get the "WWW" on the flap. Again, there are several dates reported when this happened. One report says they were ordered around December 1956, which would mean a 1957 delivery date. Other reports say that it was introduced in 1958. In any case, F2 was received with the "WWW", but, again the quantities ordered for each version were probably sufficient to hold the Lodge for several months or even a year or more. Hence the unusual dates associated with the F2 are 1958-59. Quantities produced remain unknown.

There are other interesting stories about the early days of the Council and the Lodge, but I will leave them to Dave Hulteen, Shel Dick, Dan Coberly and others to publish when the Lodge history is written.

In the next issue of the DWT, I’ll cover the next several flaps.


We are also trying to assemble a listing of all Black Eagle Lodge Chiefs and Lodge Advisors, by year. Please contact me if you have any info: 6409 Cardinal Lane, Columbia, MD 21044. Phone: 410-997-0563 Fax: 410-884-9668

Part 3

In the last issue of the DWT, I covered the first round Lodge patch, and the first two flap patches, bringing us to about the end of the 1950’s. Over the next couple of years, apparently the Lodge went inactive, although some Chapters may have had some activity.

Luther (Luke) Rogers states that when he arrived in 1962, it was inactive. In 1963, Luke, Wally Buote, and a few others revived the Lodge. Most activity of any sort still seemed to be centered in those Chapters that were still functioning. Bill Evans from DC also states that it was generally inactive about then. The next several years are quite cloudy. It’s tough to find anyone today with any knowledge of the first half of the 60’s.

Unfortunately, this early history is difficult to unravel since the early participants have either "gone home" or are scattered and no one knows who or where they are today. Records are non-existent. We do know that in 1964, the first of three woven flaps, the white W1, made its appearance. Arapaho I and II, and the Blue Book of Lodge issues show that the next flap was F3, another standard twill flap. There are three versions of this flap: the original F3 came in a dark yellow twill with a 1mm wide arrow shaft. Probably it was reordered, and it came in a much brighter yellow twill, with a 2mm diameter arrow shaft. It also came in two varieties, most likely caused by errors in the loom run, one version having no eye, and the other with the yellow twill showing in the eye socket. Another woven, W2, came along right after that, probably as soon as the F3’s were sold out.

Of these two wovens, the white W1 has been fairly easy to find, so there must have been a sizable quantity ordered. In contrast, the W2 is much more difficult to find, hence probably were in fewer numbers.Similarly, the dark yellow F3 is scarce, while the regular yellow F3 with the twill eye is readily available. The version without the eye is scarce.

The dates of issue of all except the W1 are really up in the air. Hopefully an OAA member with a terrific memory or old box of records will come forward and enlighten all of us.

In 1964, Namassakett Chapter in England issued the first known Chapter Activity patch (Pow Wow) in commemoration of the first 10 years of the Chapter’s life.

In 1965, the Lodge held a Conclave in honor of the 50th Anniversary of the OA, and issued an orange twill patch. To my knowledge, this was the first Lodge conference, and first Lodge Activity patch.

Another Lodge Conclave was held in 1966, at Augsburg, and a red twill patch with green embroidery was issued.

During the summer of 1967, 200 arrowmen and a handful of advisors traveled to Camp Mohawk in England for the next Lodge Conclave. A fully embroidered patch picturing an Indian dancer was issued.

I mentioned early in this article that the Lodge had been inactive for a period in the early 60’s. Roger-Lee-Tiffany states that sometime in late 1967 or early 1968, there apparently was a period where there were no youth members registered in the Lodge. National suspended the Lodge Charter. (Most of the troops were being sent to Vietnam at the time, so there were probably drawdowns in Europe and few replacements were arriving.) General Lyman Lemnitzer was a strong supporter of Scouting, and was upset over this turn of events. He directed that efforts be taken to get youth members.

The result was that the Lodge was reinstated soon after. During this period of suspension, most likely the Chapters continued to function with no knowledge of it. Roger states that at the time, late 1967, there was no flap currently being issued, and there may not have been a Lodge Neckerchief yet.

In 1968, the first official Lodge N/C was designed and produced. The N/C was orange with no piping, because of the availability of orange cloth. The patch was available, so was just sewed on. The 1968 Lodge Conclave was held at Garmisch, and a white twill patch (which became F4) was issued in early 1969. Dan Coberly attended the a Camporee (probably the Winter 1968, or early 1969) and reports that he saw adults wearing the W1, the F4, and possibly a yellow flap (still trying to verify the yellow one).

There are conflicting views of which was the next Lodge N/C. Bob Nett, who was the Lodge Chief at the time reports that there were one or two which came before what is generally believed to be the next one: a large 1/4 circle embroidered patch sewed on black material with red piping (Bob designed it). This is the largest patch the Lodge ever produced, and to many, the most beautiful. The exact sequence remains to be determined when more old-timers, with memories, are located.

Roger reports that he has one of what reportedly is the first Lodge N/C produced. It is square, with half of it being blue, and the other half red. It was developed so that it could be worn with the blue side showing for troop activities, and with the red side showing for OA activities.

In the next issue of the DWT, I’ll cover the Lodge issues from the 70’s. Also, according to the Arapaho and Blue Books, W2 and W3 didn’t come right in sequence, but had F4 and S1 in between.

Part 4

In the last issue of the DWT, I covered the Lodge flaps and neckerchiefs issued in the 60’s. We now come to the era of the fully embroidered flaps. (Note: the most recent version of the Blue Book of Lodge Issues is used to identify all patches, etc.)

The first fully embroidered flap was S1, in white. It was probably issued about 1970, as soon as supplies of the F4 white twill ran out. Dr. Rex Legler arrived inTAC in Dec 1971 and reports that about half of the active members were wearing the S1. The other half were wearing the new yellow S2, and this is what he was issued.

I arrived in Germany in Jun 1972, but didn’t get into Boy Scouts until a year later (was still in Webelos). By then, the only flap I can recall seeing is the S2. At the time, all we knew was one version. Since then, the collecting world has begun to look at each patch for minor variations in lettering, coloring, and stitching. So, we now have an S2a with "thin" letters and where the peak of the eagle head feathers touches the letter "L" in the word EAGLE above the head. Similarly, S2b has "thicker" letters, and the peak of the eagle head feathers do NOT touch the letters above it. The variations most likely resulted from a reorder as the supply of the first order ran out. Which variety was first? We’ll probably never know.

In 1976, the 25th anniversary of the Lodge was approaching (1977), and it was decided that a special flap was needed. A blind contest was held, with only a few entries. As it turned out, I was the ultimate designer. Based on the large size of the Lodge at the time, and the fact that it was a special 25th Flap, I suspect that about 1000 were ordered. During the period of it’s issuance, there were no other flaps available in Council stock.

In 1977 - 1978, there were a few boy members of the Lodge Executive Board who wanted to replace the Germanic-style eagle on the flap with an American Bald Eagle. They had a design and were ready to submit it made. As far as I know, there were only 2 patches made. Howard is a personal friend, and he gave me the one he had kept as his reference copy.

When Rex arrived in Dec 71, he was also issued the white N1 silkscreened neckerchief. By Jun 1972, at the LF&TC, half of the attendees wore the P1 embroidered N/C and half the N1. (Incidently, there is an N1a with 25mm high "482" and 14mm high "WWW", and an N1b with 19mm high "482" and 9mm high "WWW".) Apparently few folks liked the silkscreened N/C which had been ordered as a cost saving device, so a yellow fully embroidered patch on a dark blue N/C were ordered as replacements.

By the time I got active in 1973, the only neckerchief being worn was a dark blue one. It could have been either the X3 or X4, but at the time, I wasn’t that concerned. The X3 consisted had one problem: after its arrival, probably about 1972, it was found that WOAPALANE had been misspelled: the second "A" had been left out. The X4 was ordered to correct the misspelling, again probably in late 1972 or early 1973. When the order of 50 arrived, WOAPALANE was spelled correctly, but the patch was on a turquoise N/C. These were never issued to the open membership, but were held back by Bob Goepfert, the Professional Staff Advisor. They were made available only to Lodge and Chapter Officers and Advisors. The correct N/C arrived soon after. And, since everyone now looks for variations, we have the X4a with "thick" letters, X4b with "thin" letters, and X4c with the turquoise N/C.

I don’t recall seeing the X4c turquoise version being worn.The X4 dark blue N/C was used up to 1978, and even after.

Now we jump to the 1978 time-frame, with the same group of boys on theLodge Executive Board, who, along with a couple of adult members, decided on a new Lodge N/C. It was a variation of the failed flap, with a design embroidered directly onto a blue N/C, and is listed as N3. Thedesign consists of 3 mountains representing the US on the left, and Europe in the center and the right. An American-style eagle and the typical Black Eagle were depicted, along with an Indian head above the peaks. The design included 3 rivers which represented Three Rivers District, where several members of the Lodge Executive Board were stationed. The animals depicted on the field were antelopes and buffaloes, including a white buffalo. These animals represented the Wood Badge patrols of several of the adult members of the Lodge Executive Board. I don’t think all of this was picked up by the Lodge membership at the initial issue at the June, 1978 LF&TC at Camp Dahn, but as time passed, it soon be- came evident to many. When the initial stock of 500 of this N/C ran out, the X4 N/C was reordered, and was used until 1982.

In the next issue of the DWT, I’ll cover the Lodge issues from the 80’s.

Part 5

In the last issue of the DWT, I covered the
Lodge flaps and neckerchiefs issued in the 70’s. The 80’s were a period when several chapters went all out in the issuance of Chapter items, and the Lodge got carried along in the exuberance of the Lodge Officers. (Note: the most recent version of the Blue Book of Lodge Issues is used to identify all patches, etc.)

The first Lodge issue of the 80’s was the F5 flap in 1980. This flap was the first significant departure from the tradition flap design since about 1958 or 1959 with the F2. This flap was intended to be a "service or trading" flap, while the S2 versions were still being used as the "official Lodge flap". This flap was produced with 6 white stripes in the shield. When the supply was exhausted, a couple of years later, it was reordered, but it came somewhat changed from the original. This new flap, F6, came with a more blue and larger arch than in the F5, along with 7 white stripes.

By now the supply of the yellow S2 flaps was gone, as well as the S3 25th anniversary flap, so a new order was placed, probably about 1980 or 81. And although it was to be like the S2, the S4 arrived with more space between the head of the eagle and the top line of print, the head was very skinny, there were no periods after the letters BSA, and the shield was much smaller than the original, and with only 3 white stripes instead of 6 or 7. Apparently the order quantity of the S4 was relatively small, as a new order was placed and received in 1982, and either this new order was produced in at least 2 loom runs, or a small order was shortly followed by another order. Most probably, it was a single large order utilizing more than one loom. In any case, the result was S6a, a small shield with 3 white stripes on an eagle WITHOUT a tail, no periods in BSA, and a 98mm long "Black Eagle Lodge". The other version, S6b, came with all lettering about twice as thick as in S6a, again with 3 white stripes, no tail, one period (after the B in BSA) and a 100mm long "Black Eagle Lodge".

S6b was also 2mm longer than the S6a.

1986 was the 35th Anniversary of the Lodge, and a new orange flap was issued, S5, to commemorate the event. For some unexplained reason, the small shield with only 3 white stripes, no periods in BSA, a skinny head, and no tail was continued. This is the first year that we have a known issue quantity for a Lodge flap, in this case 200, which is why it’s a reasonably scarce flap. The story is that the Lodge Chief wouldn’t reorder any more, maybe to increase its scarcity, or to informally restrict them to those Arrowmen in the Lodge during the 35th year.

In 1988, the first all-twill patch since the F4 from about 1969 or 1970. Although the tail reappeared, and the shield nearly doubled in size, it contained only 3 red and 2 white stripes. Also making its first appearance was a black fleur-de-lis. A two year supply of 1000 flaps were ordered, which carried this flap into the 90’s.

In 1985, the Lodge Officers felt it was desirable to have a series of patches to recognize the brothers who had been giving cheerful service at various Lodge and Chapter events. The result was a set of 8 - 77mm diameter patches, all of red twill with silver letters and border. Four were lettered as "Black Eagle Lodge", and 4 were lettered as "Sukeu Woapalanne". There were one of each design for the "1st Aid Team", "Cook Crew", "Ordeal Team", and "Brotherhood Team". Similarly, in the fall of 1988, the Lodge decided to honor the Lodge Elangomats with a special patch. This was a 78mm diameter white twill with red letters and black border. The Crew and Team patches must have proved popular, and they reordered the "Black Eagle Lodge" version in 1989. The new 77mm patches were similar, red twill with silver lettering and border.

However, the "Cook Crew" was replaced with "Cook Team" and pictured a black cooking pot instead of the silver chef’s hat, knife fork and spoon of the earlier version. The new "Ordeal Team" and "Brotherhood Team" versions had the same war bonnets, but they were now outlined with very thick black lines. The lettering was slightly smaller and definitely thinner on the new versions. I assume there was also a new "1st Aid Team" version, but I have not identified one yet. There is a third version of the "Ordeal Team" patch, with some slight differences in the bonnet. It is logical that the Ordeal Team would need the most patches, and is possibly the reason for the third variety.

In 1979 or 1980, the blue neckerchiefs with the X4 patch were reordered, and possibly at least once more after that, hence the thin/thick letter varieties. Finally, as supplies of the X4 patch version of the N/Cs were drawn down again, in 1985 a new X5a patch on a light blue N/C was ordered. The 137mm square light orange twill patch featured a very nice representation of the old-style eagle. The patch itself has nearly square corners. It proved popular, and 1987 saw the reorder of the patch and N/C. This version of the patch, X5b, came in a 130mm square darker orange twill with very rounded corners, on a pale, lighter blue N/C than before. Possibly due to costs, when supplies ran low in 1988 a new silk-screened of the X5 patch was applied to a dark orange N/C with black piping. What is surprising about this N/C is that it seems to be a fairly scarce item

In the next issue of the DWT, I’ll cover the Lodge issues from the 90’s.

Part 6

Although my article in the last issue  of the DWT covered the Lodge flaps, neckerchiefs, and a few other miscellaneous Lodge patches, there is a small bit of history from Chris Kimball that I recently discovered in my files.

In 1988, some members of the Lodge wanted a new Lodge flap. The Lodge

Executive Board approved a much changed new design by Dave Ginsburg (it is the Blue Book S8 flap, which is also known as ZS1). When presented to the Council Executive, it was disapproved. Walt Steffen (Staff Advisor) then told Karl Kleusch (Council Program Director) to reorder a few hundred patches (initially it was to be 1000, but he reduced the order to about 400-500) as an interim measure until a new flap was designed, and approved. However, he failed to specify "fully embroidered", and the resulting reordered flap (F7) came in twill as mentioned in my previous article.

Now, apparently Dave Ginsburg or someone else went ahead with his design anyway, and 40 of the proposed design were produced. I always considered this a "private issue", but it erroneously was provided (not by me) to the Blue Book (first edition) editors as a Lodge issue. Now you know.

Now for the Berlin Wall flaps. Early in 1989, Chris Kimball was asked by friends in the States whether the Lodge was going to have a 75th anniversary (of the Order) or a NOAC flap. Designs that had been submitted for them in 1988 had now disappeared. There was no big desire by the brothers for either, and the Council Exec and the Staff OA

Advisor were against any new flap anyway. Time was ticking away before the NOAC. Now Chris had been asked by a friend whether the Lodge would have a flap commemorating the fall of the Berlin Wall. He thought it was a good idea, so he designed and had 200 made. He sold out within a month (It was also popular among the Germans.), so he ordered 200 more to get them prior to the NOAC. They proved popular there, so he ordered one last loom run of 200. They were created to be a light hearted patch, and have never been given official sanction. Another "private issue." Now you know, again.

As 1990 came along, enthusiasm grew for some sort of 75th OA Anniversary patch. The Lodge Executive Board voted to have one large backpatch (J2) for the anniversary. Only 500 were made, so they are a very desirable patch today.

When the F7 flap sold out, the same design was reordered, but this time as a fully embroidered version (S7), sometime in 1990. As stocks of this flap grew low, it was reordered again. Upon close examination of these S7’s, some have noticeably thinner lettering. I don’t know which version was the original order in 1990, but the Blue Book now recognizes them as S7a with standard lettering, and S7b as the version with thin lettering.

1990 also saw the birth of a new 40th Lodge Anniversary flap (S9). Exactly why it was ordered and released in 1990, since the Lodge was chartered in 1952, is unknown. Probably they were ordered in late 1990, and they were planned to be on sale until exhausted, presumably in 1992. And, with 1000 of them, they may have lasted that long too, since another regular flap (S10) was ordered and went on sale that year also.

This was to be the same design as the F7 and S7’s. However, as in almost all patch orders, differences arose. The S7’s had a 93mm long "Black Eagle Lodge", while this S10 had the name in 88mm. Lettering was thicker, and the yellow background is stitched diagonally. In 1991, with the drawdown of US forces in Europe, Lodge membership dropped from about 1200 to 300. And this was BEFORE the Gulf War.

In 1994, a new version (F8) of the F5 and F6 was ordered. For some reason, only 100 were ordered. They arrived with 8 red stripes in the shield instead of the 6 in the previous versions. And, since the 40th Anniversary patch was in use early, 1995 saw the introduction of a new 45th Lodge Anniversary flap, also 2 years early. Only 400 were ordered, and inevitably they ran short, so in 1996 another 400 were ordered. To show the difference, they border color was changed. The first order (S11) has a red border, while the reorder (S12) has a yellow border. This also marked the first major departure from the conventional "German-style" eagle on a Lodge flap, a move that has been controversial ever since.

The first NOAC flap (S13) was introduced in 1996. This also marked the first use of mylar threads (gold) on a Lodge flap. The flap was 64 x 135mm, considerably larger than all previous flaps. An original order, probably of about 200 was supplemented with an additional order of 200. The small difference between the two orders consists of the main design on one, lets call it S13a, is farther from the bottom border than the other, lets call it S13b. In the S13a, the distance from the bottom of

the "2" in "482" to the bottom border is about 3.5mm, whereas for the S13b, it is 5mm. The same is true from the bottom of the FDL to the border, which is about 1.5mm and 3mm respectively.

Part 7


Part 8

This is the second of two parts that  document the Lodge Activity patches. Part 7 documented the Lodge Activity patches from 1965 through 1985. Black Eagle Lodge Activities have so far consisted solely of annual Spring or Fall Fellowship Conferences, regardless of the name actually given the activity. Beginning in 1986, an annual Lodge Banquet was held, at various places around the Lodge, all with a patch issued to the participants. The only other Lodge Activity, with a patch, was a periodically conducted Lodge Officer Training session.

Every year, I obtained the number of the patches issued, but as you will see, I failed to ask where the activity was held. If anyone knows the sites where I don’t list one, please drop me an email so I can get the history straight.

1986 was celebrated as the 35th Anniversary of the Lodge. The first of 5 multi-part patches (between 1986 and 1997) was issued . A central yellow twill, cut edge, triangular patch, about 115 mm per side, was issued as the base patch for the next 3 activities, and was annotated with 1986 Lodge Fellowship and 35 Anniversary. It was first offered to the Lodge at the Spring Fellowship in June at Camp Freedom. A total of 392 pieces were received, which probably means that 400 were ordered. It also came with the first of 3 yellow twill V-shaped cut-edge chevrons, about 16x83mm (give or take 1 or 2 mm) that eventually fit around the perimeter of the base triangular patch, this one with the words SPRING FELLOWSHIP. In the Fall, probably in Oct, the second chevron with the words FALL FELLOWSHIP, was issued. It was held at Camp Freedom. The first of the annual Lodge Banquets was held, again probably in Feb 1987. This writer does not know where it was held. This third chevron had the words LODGE BANQUET on it.

For the next several years, the 3 patches for the 3 Lodge Activities all had the base year annotated, even though the annual banquet was held after the beginning of the next year. Also, the patches for all 3 activities were ordered and received at once, about May or Jun.

In 1987, three separate 80mm diameter patches were issued. A pale green/turquoise twill background was issued (400) for the Spring Fellowship, held at Camp Freedom.

The Fall Fellowship patch was a gold twill, and 436 were available for issue. It was held at Camp Freedom, probably in Oct.

A pale blue twill patch was issued (216) for the Winter Banquet. Again, the place is not known to this writer, and it was probably in Jan or Feb of 1988.

In 1988, the second of the multi-part patches were issued. This time, the Spring and Fall Fellowship patches were meant to be mounted (or sewn) one beneath the other, in order to depict the national OA Indian-head logo appearing as an extension of the flames rising from a log fire. All three patches were of gray twill. The Spring Fellowship patch, 78x80mm, featured the Indian head, and was probably issued in June (440), and the activity was held at Camp Freedom.

The Fall Fellowship patch (220 issued) was about 78x78mm, and featured the log fire and flames. It was probably held in Oct, and was as usual, held at Camp Freedom.

The Lodge Banquet patch was 51x78mm, and featured a gold FDL, and a red arrow with WWW in gold letters, and 220 were issued. The patch is meant to be mounted below the other two. This writer does not know where it was held, but again probably in Jan or Feb 1989.

In 1989, the Lodge issued 3 separate patches again. All 3 were about 78x101mm, and each featured an OA member in Indian regalia standing near a smoking fire. The Spring Fellowship patch is blue twill, and 437 were available for issue in Jun, at Camp Freedom.

The Fall Fellowship patch (430 issued) was green twill. Again, the Fellowship was at Camp Freedom, probably in Oct.

The Lodge Banquet patch (220 issued) was purple twill. The banquet was probably held in Jan or Feb 1990, at an unknown site.

As mentioned earlier in Part 6 of this treatise, 1990 was the 75th Anniversary of the Order of the Arrow. To commemorate this, the Lodge issued a 123x152mm fully embroidered patch (J2). The Lodge then issued 3 hat pins instead of patches for the 3 Lodge Activities for this year.

Each of the pins was identical to one of 3 designs appearing on the patch. The quantity of each pin is unknown. The Spring Fellowship 20x20mm pin depicted the "75" logo that was in the center of the J2 patch. Camp Freedom was the site of the Fellowship, probably in May.

The Fall Fellowship 17x26mm pin depicted the standing Indian that was on the lower right corner of the J2 patch. The Fellowship was at Camp Freedom in Oct.

The Winter Banquet 16x25mm pin depicted the Black Eagle that was in the center of the J2 patch. The Banquet was probably in Jan or Feb 1991, at a place unknown to this writer.

In 1991, the third of the multi-part patches were issued. The Lodge went back to a base patch with 3 cut-edge chevron-style patches denoting the 3 activities. The 100x130mm fully embroidered, rolled edge, base patch was initially issued in May, and features an Indian paddling a canoe, with a peacepipe depicted below it. The Spring Fellowship cut-edge "chevron" indicates that Camp Freedom was the site. No quantities are known for any of the 4 pieces.

The Fall Fellowship, as indicated on the "chevron" was held at Camp Freedom, probably in Oct.

As indicated on the Winter Banquet "chevron", it was held in Munich, in Jan 1992.

In 1992, the fourth of the multi-part patches were issued, consisting of three fully embroidered, pie shaped wedges, 50x88mm. The Spring and Fall patches had an issue quantity of 150, and the Banquet patch had only 100, probably the lowest of any activity patch in between about 1970 and 1995. The Spring Fellowship segment featured two Indian faces, and the Fellowship was held in May at Camp Freedom.

The Fall Fellowship patch featured two different Indian faces, and was issued in Sep, at Camp Freedom.

For the first time, the winter banquet was called a Winter Fellowship, and was held in Jan 1993, at Sembach Air Force Base, near Kaiserslautern.

In 1993, only one patch was issued: 100x102mm, square, fully embroidered, meant to be worn diagonally, and it was used for both the Spring Fellowship in May and the Fall Fellowship in Sep. Both were held at Camp Freedom . A total of 440 were issued. It is believed that the decision for one patch came from the Council Office, since the Lodge got stuck with a quantity of the pie shaped 1992 Fall Fellowship and Winter Banquet segments and did not have enough Spring segments to go around.

In 1994, the Lodge went back to 3 separate patches for its activities. This time though, the first patch was for the Winter Banquet, held at the Rod and Gun Club at Kapaun Air Station near Kaiserslautern in Jan 1994. It was fully embroidered, 77x103mm. Probably 200 were ordered.

The Spring Fellowship was held in May, at Camp Freedom. A total of 500 fully embroidered patches, 90mm in diameter, were ordered.

The 1994 Fall Fellowship was also held at Camp Freedom in Sep, with 200 fully embroidered, 70x104mm issued.

In 1995, the Lodge again went with 3 separate fully embroidered patches, but this time with the 2 Fellowship patches picturing a representation of the bald eagle that made its appearance on the first 2 round patches and first 2 flaps from the early 1950’s. The Winter Banquet patch featured a bald eagle with nearly a caricature face. The Winter Banquet in Jan 1995 was held in Wiltz, Luxemburg, and 200 patches, 89mm in diameter, were issued.

The Spring Fellowship in May at Camp Freedom issued an 83x103mm patch, in unknown quantities.

The 1995 Fall Fellowship, again held at Camp Freedom initially issued 400 of the 104x104mm patch in Sep. For an unknown reason, an additional 200 patches were ordered.

In 1996, the Lodge selected a rather garish countenance (meant to be a humorous rendition) of an Eagle as the centerpiece of the Winter Banquet, 92mm diameter fully embroidered patch. The Banquet was held in Jan 1996 at DeKluis, Belgium, and only 100 patches were issued.

The 1996 Spring Fellowship in May at Camp Freedom, saw the issuance of 300 fully embroidered 88x100mm arrowhead patches.

The 1996 Fall Fellowship in Sep at Camp Freedom had a similar 86x100mm fully embroidered arrowhead patch.

In Oct 1996, the Lodge held the first of several annual Lodge Officer Training (LOT) conferences. This first one was held at a site not known to me. A total of 100 fully embroidered 76x103mm patches were ordered, and over the years, issued as needed.

In 1997, the fifth of the fully embroidered multi-part patches were issued, such that when the 3 were mounted (or shown) together, they depicted a 3-face totem pole. The Winter Banquet was held in Jan, in Stuttgart, and 200 of the 65x75mm patches were issued. This patch served as the bottom of the "totem pole".

The Spring Fellowship in May 1997 was held at Camp Freedom, and 200 of the 64x70mm patches were issued, reflecting the severe downsizing of forces in Europe. This patch became the center of the "totem pole".

The 1997 Fall Fellowship, held in Sep at Camp Freedom, again had only 200 of the 75x195mm patches. They served as the top of the "totem pole". It also celebrated the 45th Anniversary of the Lodge.

In 1998, the Lodge again chose a garish eagle’s head for the centerpiece of the 98mm diameter, fully embroidered Winter Banquet. The Banquet was held in a castle in Auerbach, between Heidelberg and Darmstadt, in Jan, and 200 patches were issued.

For the Spring Fellowship at Camp Freedom in May 1998, the Lodge selected a design with an eagle similar to that on the S15 Service Flap which made its appearance in 1997. A total of 300 fully embroidered, 100x106mm patches were issued.

The 1998 Fall Fellowship in Sep at Camp Freedom arrived with the sudden knowledge that no one had remembered to order a patch. The Camp Freedom Camp Director, Jack Gaylord saved the day, by offering his leftover stock (from an initial order of 200) of 77x98mm, blue twill & multicolored embroidered X8 patches from summer camp (see Part 6) for the Fellowship attendees.

Although the 1999 Lodge Activity patches cannot be considered multi-part patches like the 5 earlier issues, the 3 fully embroidered, 96x102mm patches issued in 1999 are all the same neat shape, with similar designs within the center. The Winter Banquet in Feb held in Heidelberg saw 200 of the 96x102mm patches issued featuring a design of a Bavarian church below the Alps.

The 1999 Spring Fellowship in May at Camp Freedom had 300 of the similar patches available, this time featuring the totem pole and the dining hall at Freedom.

In Sep 1999, the Fall Fellowship returned to Camp Freedom, and issued 200 of the last of the similar patches, this time featuring a canoe on the Camp Freedom pond, in front of the shoreline forest.

Dave Hulteen, who was the Lodge Advisor from May 1993 to Jan 1998, states that it was difficult getting the boys to submit designs for the various patches. (He also states that the only thing harder was getting them to sing, and I can relate to that as well.) The 1992 pie-shaped patch segment patch was boy-designed. By default, Dave found it necessary to design many of the patches during his tenure (including the "garish" ones, the arrowheads, the totem pole, the Chief’s flap, the bald eagle NOAC flap, and a few others).

This completes the Lodge Activity patches as of the end of 1999. There are several unknowns in this part, so if you were there, or have copies of the Lodge newsletters or other materials that would fill in some of the unknowns, send me an email at: kenwdbdg@erols.com. I need your help.

The next Part of the history will cover the Chapter patches (NOT the Chapter Activity patches, which will be covered later).

To see most of the Black Eagle Lodge and Chapter issues on the Internet,

go to: http://www.geocities.com/Yosemite/3525/museum.html

To see the first 7 parts of the history, with the patches depicted, in color on the Internet, go to:


Part 9

Over the years beginning sometime  in the 1960’s (and possibly even in the 1950’s), various Chapters have issued Chapter patches to represent the Chapter. This Part 9 will address these issues in alphabetical order, and then in Parts 10 and 11, I will cover those patches issued for a specific Chapter activity.

As I have mentioned previously, dates of issue for many of the earlier Lodge patches are not known, and it’s true for several of the Chapter patches as well. I will cover all known patches by each Chapter before moving on to another Chapter. When I first started documenting these issues, I assigned a "C" number to most, and for a few, an "M" number (for Miscellaneous), as I became aware of them, hence they are not necessarily in the sequence of issue. In the 1998, the Blue Book decided to expand its listing to include Chapter issues as well as Lodge. I was asked to verify their listing of our Chapter patches, and the corrected identification numbers are included for each patch as well.

Achwon Woapalanne Chapter (Bavaria District):

In 1988, their first patch (C21a [BB #X1]) was issued, and it was a modified oval shape, 79x102mm, featuring a large red arrowhead vertically overlaid onto a scene with mountains and forest. It had blue edge, and only 100 were made. Later in 1988, when stocks ran low, 100 more patches (C21b [BB #X2])with the same design and a green edge were ordered. In 1989, another 100 patches (C21c [BB #X3]) of the same design and a red edge were ordered. Finally, in 1990, an additional 100 patches (C21d [BB #X4]) of the same design with a gold edge were produced.

Two Chapter flaps were also produced in 1989, with 100 of each. They were identical, 53x125mm, with a red arrowhead similar to that on the patches above, but the first one had a blue edge (C26a [BB #F1]), while the second had a red edge (C26b {BB #F2]).

In 1989, 100 copies of a 161x166mm modified four-pointed jacket patch (C25 [BB #J1]) was issued, with places for five additional patches to fit around its irregular shape.

Also in 1989, Bavaria District issued a 81x95mm District patch (C24 [BB #X6]) featuring the Coat of Arms for Bavaria and a black eagle with an OA sash. Probably 100 copies were produced.

Alpine Chapter (Alpine District):

Sometime in the early 1980’s, about 20 copies of a shield shaped patch (M15 [BB #X1]) were ordered from Japan. It featured a large arrowhead overlaid on a stylized eagle head and wings, with the abbreviations SWITZ. and GER. The dimensions are 127x156mm, I think, since I don’t have one. It may have been a private issue, or possibly it was a Chapter issue.

Amangi Wachtschu Chapter (Alpine District & Switzerland):

In 1988, this Chapter issued 100 (possibly 200) of a 102mm diameter patch (C23 [BB #R1]) with a replica of the OA ribbon that hangs from the right breast pocket, superimposed on an Alpine mountain and forest scene, with a red edge.

Etruscan Chapter (Italy):

Probably in the 1960’s or 1970’s, Arrowmen in Italy issued their only patch (C2 [BB #P1]) thus far. A triangular white twill patch, with two 130mm sides and a 140mm top side, with a blue embroidered Italy, Sicily, and Sardinia. It has a very weak white edge. No estimate of quantity produced is available, but it was probably low. Only about four are known to exist.

Kittakima Chapter (Ramstein):

The only known patch (C5 [BB #R1]) from this Chapter in Ramstein is another that was probably issued in the 1960’s or 1970’s. It is a 104mm diameter white satin-like background with a red and gold silk screen design of lion wearing a crown, with a blue border. No reliable estimate of quantity produced is available, but probably it was less than 50.

Lakota Chapter (One of 3 Chapters in Barbarossa District):

In 1996, this Chapter issued 300 blue twill 65x90mm arrowhead-shaped patches (C32 [BB #A1]) with a brown buffalo in the center of a triangle formed by three arrows, with a black edge. The original order specified a white buffalo and the manufacturer allowed the chapter to keep the order with the brown buffalo and the 300 replacements arrived in 1997, with the same blue twill but with a black and white buffalo and in a larger size, 77x105mm (C33 [BB #A2]), and with the same black edge. Lowaneu Allanque (North Star District) Chapter:

This Chapter issued one of the nicest designs (C3 [BB #X1]) with a 4-pointed star design with 7 feathers hanging from the bottom point. It is a dark and light blue twill, with the head of an eagle with the "big dipper" above it. It measures 116x140mm with a black cut-edge. It was probably issued in the 1960’s or early 1970’s.

No reliable estimate of quantity produced is available, but probably it was 100 or less.

Mantowagan (Belgium, Netherlands, Luxembourg, France, SW Germany) Chapter:

In 1988, this Chapter, representing Benelux, France and the southwestern portion of Germany, produced 50 large eight-sided jacket patches (C30 [BB #J1]), 172x172mm. It is yellow with an outline of an eagle in the center.

Nacha Chuppacat (Three Rivers District) Chapter:

This Chapter issued a series of 4 round patches, two pocket size and two jacket size. All are similar, with 3 blue rivers depicted. The first matching set was issued in the early 1980’s, featuring a three-peaked mountain on the left and six teepees around a campfire with the new Indian logo emanating from the flames. (C6 [BB #R1]) is 103mm in diameter, and (C7 [BB #J1b) is 152mm in diameter, with WWW. No reliable estimate of quantity produced is available, but probably it was 100 or more of each based on their availability and size of the Chapter.

In 1987, a new 153mm jacket patch (C20[BB #J1a]) was produced with one peak and a flat plateau on the mountain on the left, with the same six teepees, campfire and Indian logo, but without the WWW. Probably about 100 of these were produced.

In 1988, a new 100mm patch (C22 [BB #R2]) to match the new jacket patch was issued, but it had 8 teepees instead. Probably about 100 of these were made.

In 1991, the Chapter issued 100 special rectangular 78x102mm patches (C29 [BB #X1]) in commemoration of 40 years of service. It has a red edge and features an eagle wearing an OA sash.

Namasakett Chapter (Mayflower District, England):

This Chapter was possibly the first to issue patches. Nearly every version of the Chapter patch over the years has been very similar, with only minor changes. The earliest patch (C8 [BB #X1]) consists of a 14-sided yellow silk or satin "shield" on light blue felt, with an Indian head centered, and with 9 feathers suspended from it, 89x127mm, partially embroidered. It has no edge, and no date is known, but it is probably from the late 1950’s or early 1960’s. No reliable estimate of quantity produced is available, but probably it was 100 or less. It is quite a scarce patch.

Two variations of a jacket patch were produced about 1964, based on stories from Dr. Leo Corte, an Englishman who spent about 35 years with American Scout Troops on Air Bases near his home. The first version is a 127x176mm loosely stitched (C9 [BB #X5a]) fully embroidered, blue background with the same 14-sided yellow fully embroidered "shield" with 9 feathers again. The second version, and probably from the same period, is 115x177mm, tightly stitched (C15 [BB #X5b]), and otherwise identical to the previous version.

Probably the next patch was also on blue felt (C14 [BB #X3]), but instead of the word England, it has Great Britain. I don’t have it, so the measurements and date are unknown. In 1985, another "Great Britain" version pocket patch (C12a [BB #X2]) was issued, 71x114mm. Although fully embroidered, the 14-sided "shield" is blue rather than yellow, and the 9 feathers are tipped in red instead of black in all previous patches. Probably about 100 were produced. Sometime later, at a date unknown to me, a quantity of this patch must have been reordered. This new darker blue fully embroidered version arrived 73x109mm. It has much less detail than the original, and I have only seen one so far.

Also in 1985, a 112x178mm jacket patch (C11 [X4]) with the word England was issued, and this one was nearly identical to the earlier jacket patches, except that it was not fully embroidered, employing a dark blue twill background. Again, probably about 100 were produced.

In 1987, 200 new fully embroidered 114x176mm jacket patches (C19 [BB #X6]) with the words "United Kingdom" were introduced.

In 1996, 200 new fully embroidered 124x153mm jacket patches (C31 [BB #X7]) with the words "England Britain Scotland" were introduced. The edge of the 14-sided "shield" was red, the feather tips were blue, and for the first time, 482 appeared, on three feathers.

Nina Caw Yu Chapter (Edelweiss District):

In 1966, 400 copies of a 77mm diameter white twill patch (C27 [BB #R1]) depicting an Indian lighting a fire, with a date of 1966 was produced. A fire destroyed nearly all of them, with less than five known to survive.

Quenischquenay Chapter (Charlemagne District, France):

About 1968, this 76x102mm eight-sided gold twill patch appeared (C4 [BB #X1]) with a red-eyed black panther atop a red arrow. Probably about 50 of these were produced.

Teton Chapter (Rhineland District):

Another early patch was the 101x120mm white twill (C1 [BB #A1a]) featuring a large multicolored arrowhead, one of the prettier issues. It was probably issued in the 1960’s, and based on its current availability, probably about 100 were produced. Another variety is said to exist (BB #A1b), 100x106mm, but I have not seen it, nor do I know anyone who has. A leather neckerchief slide (NS2a [BB #L1a]) 55x65mm with red lettering, featuring an Indian head and campfire, was possibly issued in the 1960’s, and probably in a rather low quantity. I have not seen this red lettered variety. I have one with green lettering, (NS2b [BB #L1b]).

Teton Chapter (Rhineland District) (Sioux Sub-Chapter):

In 1985, two large dated patches were issued. The first was a blue twill 110x154mm patch (C17 [BB #X1]) featuring the head of an Indian. The second was a green twill 141x176mm patch (C18 [BB #J1]) featuring two standing Indians. Probably about 100 of each were produced.

This completes the Chapter patches as of the May 2000.

Part 10 

This part is the first of two parts to document the patches issued by the Chapters over the years, generally, but not always, for a one-time chapter activity. They range from an Ordeal, a Costume Workshop, a Dance Fest, a Fellowship, a ceremonial team, to participation in an OA activity at a Camporee, and others. The frequency of issue within a Chapter depended in large part upon the interest and activity of the Chapter Chief and Chapter Advisor. Some Chapters rarely issued a patch, while others seemed to go into the patch business with several issues within a couple of years..

 Most, but not all, dates of issue for the Chapter patches are known. I will cover all known patches by each Chapter in alphabetical order, just as with the Chapter patches in Part 9. When I first started documenting these issues, about 1980, I assigned an “M” number (for Miscellaneous Lodge and Chapter Activity), as I became aware of them, hence the “M” numbers are not necessarily in the sequence of issue. The Blue Book expanded its listing in its Third Edition dated 2000, to include Chapter issues as well as Lodge issues. Prior to its publication, I was asked to verify their listing of our Chapter patches, and the Blue Book identification numbers are included for each patch as well (some BB numbers use the term Unk, as a result of not contacting me for more detailed information prior to publication). I have chosen to address the items in the order in which they were issued, within each Chapter. There are also a few patches incorrectly identified in the Blue Book (not by me) as being from Black Eagle Lodge Chapters, and these are NOT included. My measurements included here may vary from the Blue Book by 1 or 2 mm. 

As with other patches, the location of the activity and if not specified, the quantity of patches produced is unknown.


 The first known Chapter patch was issued in 1982, when 100 white twill patches (M52 [BB #eR1982]) were issued to the OA staff of the District Polar Bear Campout. It is approximately (since I don’t have one) 80mm in diameter, with a dark blue or black border and black lettering.

 The next issue was 200 colorful fully embroidered 79x91mm patches (M37 [BB #eX1988]) for the 1988 Fall Fellowship. This patch featured a peace pipe and large arrowhead

 In 1989, the first of two Chapter patches that would mate with the large “star” jacket patch (C25 [BB #J1]) was issued. 200 fully embroidered, 88x101mm triangular, but 4-sided, patches (M38 [BB #eX1989]) were produced for the Spring Ordeal. It featured the Black Eagle.

 Also in 1989, the Chapter conducted a Costume Workshop in Munich. A total of only 36 square 77x78mm fully embroidered patches (M40 [BB #eXUnk-2]) were produced.

 Late in 1989, a Chapter Training Course was held in conjunction with a District Training Conference in Colmberg. 200 copies of the gray twill, modified oval patch (M53 [BB #eXUnk-1]) were produced. It featured a mountain village scene in the center.

 In 1990, a total of three patches were produced in conjunction with the 10th anniversary of the Bayern High Adventure Camp. 200 copies of the second of the 4-sided triangular patches (M39 [BB #X5]) to mate with the “star” jacket patch were issued to commemorate the Camp Bayern Rededication and 75 years of the OA. It featured a turtle representing Unami Lodge 1. Two sizes of the fully embroidered, ten-sided patch celebrating the 10th Anniversary of the Camp were issued. Of the smaller 92x102mm size, 300 were made (M48 [BB #eXUnk-3]). Only 135 of the larger 157x170mm version (M49 [BB #eJUnk-4]) were made. One of the main features was a Black Eagle holding an olive branch.

 Three years later, in 1993, the Bayern High Adventure Camp hosted its final season. Two special fully embroidered patches were issued. They are identical except for a small gold scroll with “STAFF” in blue letters. The 110x134mm patch is triangular with 7 eagle feathers suspended from each long side. The issue quantity of both is unknown.

The participant version is (M67a [BB #eX1993a]) and the staff version is (M67b [BB #eX1993b]).


 I am uncertain just where and when the break was made, if there ever was one. So, I have chosen to include all issues under this one Chapter(or maybe two).

In 1983, the first patch (M5 [BB #eX1983]) for a Fellowship held at the Kandersteg International Scout Chalet in Switzerland, a brightly colored 78x103mm fully embroidered version picturing the alps, was issued.

 Another Alpine Fellowship was held at Kandersteg in 1984 and a 77x104mm fully embroidered patch (M6 [BB #eX1984]) featuring a Chalet was issued.

 In 1986, the Amangi Wachtschu Chapter held a Fellowship at Kandersteg. For the design of the patch for this event, a 77x104mm Orange twill design (M42 [BB #eX1986]) was issued.

The Alpine Chapter again held its Fellowship in 1987 at Kandersteg, and issued a blue twill 67x116mm patch (M36 [BB #eX1987]) with a large arrow superimposed over mountains.

  In 1988, Amamgi Wachtschu Chapter was back at Kandersteg for a Spring Fellowship. This 77x104mm patch (M43 [BB #eX1988]) was fully embroidered and featured an Indian with upraised arms and mountains in the background.

 A 102x132mm oval winter scene with chalet and alps was featured on the 1989 fully embroidered Chapter Fellowship patch (M34 [BB #eX1989]). It again was held at Kandersteg.

 In 1990 the Fellowship at Kandersteg issued a 102mm diameter fully embroidered patch (M35 [BB #eR1990]) which featured the same chalet that was featured on the 1984 patch.

  The last patch (M57 [BB #eX1991]) issued by the chapter (as of Nov 2000) was for the 1991 Fellowship again at Kandersteg. I was a 90x122mm oval fully embroidered which featured the main chalet at Kandersteg.


The first patch (M69 [BB #eR1972]) from High Plains Chapter was a 1972 76mm diameter yellow twill which featured a large arrowhead. About 30 were issued, we think for an Ordeal at summer camp at Rota, Spain.

 In 1977, the Chapter conducted a Spring Pow Wow someplace in Spain and issued its fully embroidered black 76x89mm arrowhead patch (M22 [BB #eA1977-1]) with a large 77 in the center.

The Fall Fellowship in 1977 produced about 50 blue twill 79x105mm patches (M22 [BB #eX1977-2]) featuring a pair of clasped hands.

 In 1981, Zaragosa Air Base hosted a Dance Fest and issued a green twill 77mm diameter patch (M16 [BB #eRUnk])featuring an eagle dancer.


This Chapter issued an 85x104mm blue twill patch (M56 [BB #eX1985]) for its 1985 Spring Ordeal, featuring a large arrow in the center and stylistic North Star.

 The next issue of the OAA Deep Water Traveler I will have Part 11, which will complete the Chapter Activity patches. As always, if any reader has a correction or addition to the patches issued by these Chapters, please contact me at 410-997-0563 or at:  kenwdbdg@erols.com


Yokahu Lodge History

by Jeff Goldsmith

Yokahú Lodge 506, of Puerto Rico Council, was founded in 1954 during an Ordeal conducted near the the town of Rio Piedras. The Ordealmaster was Dr. Frank H. Wadsworth, a 1965 recipient of the Order’s Highest Award on a Sectional, Regional or National Level also known as the the Distinguished Service Award ("DSA"). Since the time of the first Awards in 1940 until the present, only about 700 DSA’s have been presented.

The lodge’s totem, the Cemí, is a Taíno cultural reference to the God of Good or the name of the Mountain Spirit. The totem chosen is the Cemí stone which is a fundamental symbol in the Taino religion. Cemí means forehead of the Lord. Cemí stones are native carved rocks with a face. They are something like a gravestone, as they are placed with the dead at the grave. The original name of the Lodge was Yukiyú, which was amended later to Yokahú.

Key Points in Yokahú History:

—Alfred D. Herger was the youth editor of the first volume of the "Cemí", the

official newsletter of Yokahú Lodge. Herger served as secretary of the Lodge in 1958 and Chief of the Lodge in 1960. During his term as Chief, the cabin called Paquito Joglar was built at a cost of $1,500. The money was raised by individual donations and a "drive in" film fundraiser at Camp Guajataka under the Leadership of Raul Iñesta in 1959.

—Dr. E. Urner Goodman visited Puerto Rico and met with the Lodge in 1965.

—In 1965 the Chief of Lodge, Jorge Camacho presented a proposal to Caribbean Council of Youth to implement a sisterhood to the Yokahú Lodge that would be called the Daughters of Yukiyú.

—In 1970 the Ordeal cost $11.00 for new Yokahú members.

—The Lodge’s Annual Convention (meeting) in 1975 was celebrated in the Island Municipality of Vieques.

—In July of 1989 a special Ordeal for Troop 435 of Naval Base of Vieques was celebrated. This was supported by Troop 74, during the term of Chief Antonio Fernandez. The Ordealmaster was Samuel Joubert.

—In 1992, under Chief Miguel Maldonado, Ordeal and Brotherhood began to be conducted during the same weekend. Those weekends under Chief Juan J. Lopez in 1993 began to be known as "Ordi-Bro".

—In 1994 under Chief Juan Arnaldo Ortiz, the Lodge carried out a Brotherhood Ceremony for the Arawak Lodge, of the U.S. Virgin Islands. At the request of the Arawak Lodge, the ceremony was done in English, but with the Taíno influences.

—In 1997 the Lodge recognized Dr. Frank H. Wadsworth with the Founders’ Award. Dr. Wadsworth still serves as a Council Vice President.

—In 1998 the official flag of the Yokahú Lodge was approved. This was designed by Carlos Acevedo of the Yagueka Chapter.

—W.W.W. en WWW: The Lodge established its first internet page in 2000, under Chief Nelson J. Díaz. The first Webmaster of the page was Antonio J. Barbosa, Secretary of Lodge for that year. The record number of visits of the Lodge web page is 800 "hits" in one week.

—Chief Antonio J. Barbosa, led the Lodge delegation to its first Section NE-2A Conclave held at Joseph A. Citta Scout Reservation in 2001.

—In 2002, under Chief José E. Castro, the first National Leadership Seminar was held in Puerto Rico at Camp Guajataka. The event will be repeated in March 2007.

—In 2002, Maria Molinelli, Esq. became the first woman in the Lodge to be honored with the Vigil.

—In 2004, the Lodge celebrated its 50th Anniversary with a gathering of all the past Chiefs including then current Chief Miguel E. Rivera.

If anyone has information about the missing lodge chiefs or Yokahu Lodge, please contact Jeff Goldsmith at jgoldsmith@hkmpp.com. Thank you.




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